Using Apache with Novell NetWare 5
This document explains how to install, configure and run
Apache 1.3 under Novell NetWare 5. Please note that at
this time, NetWare support is entirely experimental, and is
recommended only for experienced users. The Apache Group does not
guarantee that this software will work as documented, or even at
all. If you find any bugs, or wish to contribute in other ways, please
use our bug reporting
Warning: Apache on NetWare has not yet been optimized for performance.
Apache still performs best, and is most reliable on Unix platforms. Over
time we will improve NetWare performance. Folks doing comparative reviews
of webserver performance are asked to compare against Apache
on a Unix platform such as Solaris, FreeBSD, or Linux.
Most of this document assumes that you are installing Apache from a
binary distribution. If you want to compile Apache yourself (possibly
to help with development, or to track down bugs), see the section on
Compiling Apache for NetWare below.
Apache 1.3 is designed to run on NetWare 5.0 and 5.1.
If running on NetWare 5.0 you must install Service Pack 4.
Service pack 4 is available here.
Information on the latest version of Apache can be found on the
Apache web server at http://www.apache.org/. This will
list the current release, any more recent alpha or beta-test releases,
together with details of mirror web and anonymous ftp sites.
There is no Apache install program for NetWare currently. You will need
to compile apache and copy the files over to the server manually. An
install program will be posted at a later date.
Follow these steps to install Apache on NetWare (assuming you will install to sys:/apache):
- Create a directory called
Apache on a NetWare volume
- Copy Apache.nlm, Apachec.nlm, htdigest.nlm, and htpasswd.nlm to sys:/apache
- Create a directory under
- Copy all the *.conf-dist-nw files to the
and rename them all as *.conf files
- Copy the mime.types and magic files to sys:/apache/conf directory
- Copy all files and subdirectories of \apache-1.3\htdocs to sys:/apache/htdocs and
rename the proper index file (index.html.en) to index.html
- Copy all files and subdirectories in \apache-1.3\icons to sys:/apache/icons
- Create the directory sys:/apache/logs on the server
- Create the directory sys:/apache/cgi-bin on the server
- Create the directory sys:/apache/modules and copy all nlm modules built into the
- Edit the httpd.conf file setting ServerRoot and ServerName to reflect your correct
sys:/apache to the search path. EXAMPLE: search add sys:\apache
Apache may be installed to other volumes besides the default
To start Apache just type apache at the console. This
will load apache in the OS address space. If you prefer to load
Apache in a protected address space you may specify the address space
with the load statement as follows:
load address space = apache apache
This will load Apache into an address space called apache. Running multiple instances
of Apache concurrently on NetWare is possible by loading each instance into its own
protected address space.
After starting Apache it will be listening to port 80 (unless you
changed the Port, Listen or
BindAddress directives in the configuration files).
To connect to the server and access the default page, launch a browser
and enter the server's name or address.
This should respond with a welcome page, and a link to the Apache
manual. If nothing happens or you get an error, look in the
error_log file in the logs directory.
Once your basic installation is working, you should configure it
properly by editing the files in the conf directory.
To unload Apache running in the OS address space just type the
following at the console:
If apache is running in a protected address space specify the
address space in the unload statement:
unload address space = apache apache
When working with Apache it is important to know how it will find the
configuration files. You can specify a configuration file on the command line
in two ways:
- -f specifies a path to a particular configuration file
apache -f "vol:/my server/conf/my.conf"
apache -f test/test.conf
In these cases, the proper ServerRoot should be set in the configuration file.
If you don't specify a configuration file name with -f, Apache will
use the file name compiled into the server, usually "conf/httpd.conf". Invoking
Apache with the -V switch will display this value labeled as SERVER_CONFIG_FILE.
Apache will then determine its ServerRoot by trying the following, in this order:
- A ServerRoot directive via a -C switch.
- The -d switch on the command line.
- Current working directory
- The server root compiled into the server.
The server root compiled into the server is usually "sys:/apache".
invoking apache with the -V switch will display this value
labeled as HTTPD_ROOT.
Apache is configured by files in the conf
directory. These are the same as files used to configure the Unix
version, but there are a few different directives for Apache on
NetWare. See the Apache documentation for all the
The main differences in Apache for NetWare are:
Because Apache for NetWare is multithreaded, it does not use a
separate process for each request, as Apache does with
Unix. Instead there are only threads running: a parent thread, and
a child which handles the requests. Within the child each request is
handled by a separate thread.
So the "process"-management directives are different:
- Like the Unix directive, this controls how many requests a
process will serve before exiting. However, unlike Unix, a
process serves all the requests at once, not just one, so if
this is set, it is recommended that a very high number is
used. The recommended default,
0, does not cause the process to ever exit.
This directive is new, and tells the server how many threads it
should use. This is the maximum number of connections the server
can handle at once; be sure and set this number high enough for
your site if you get a lot of hits. The recommended default is
This directive tells the server what size of stack to use for
the individual threads. The recommended default is
The directives that accept filenames as arguments now must use
NetWare filenames instead of Unix ones. However, because Apache
uses Unix-style names internally, you must use forward slashes, not
backslashes. Volumes can be used; if omitted, the drive with the
Apache executable will be assumed.
Apache for NetWare contains the ability to load modules at runtime,
without recompiling the server. If Apache is compiled normally, it
will install a number of optional modules in the
\Apache\modules directory. To activate these, or other
modules, the new LoadModule
directive must be used. For example, to active the status module,
use the following (in addition to the status-activating directives
LoadModule status_module modules/status
Information on creating loadable
modules is also available.
Compiling Apache requires MetroWerks CodeWarrior 5 to be properly
First, unpack the Apache distribution into an appropriate
directory. Then go to the
src subdirectory of the Apache
distribution and unzip
ApacheNW.mcp.gz. You may use a
recent version of WinZip to accomplish this or gzip for Windows. The main
Metrowerks project file for Apache
(ApacheNW.mcp) is now ready
to use. Just double click on it from within explorer and it should
automatically launch MetroWerks CodeWarrior.
All major pieces of Apache may be built using the ApacheNW.mcp project
file. This includes modules such as status, info, and proxy. In addition,
the following project files have been provided as well:
htdigest.mcp.gz will also need
to be unzipped before they can be used with MetroWerks CodeWarrior.
Once Apache has been compiled, it needs to be installed in its server
root directory. The default is the
Before running the server you must fill out the conf directory.
Copy the *.conf-dist-nw from the distribution conf directory
and rename *.conf. Edit the ServerRoot entries to your
actual server root (for example "sys:/apache"). Copy over
the conf/magic and conf/mime.types files as well.