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Apache 1.3 documentation
Access Control by URL
Apache 1.3 Dynamic Shared Object (DSO) support
Apache Content Negotiation
Apache Keep-Alive Support
Apache Multiple Log Files
Apache extra features
Apache module mod_foobar
Apache suEXEC Support
Apache suEXEC Support
Apache's Handler Use
Compiling Apache under UnixWare
Compiling and Installing Apache
Custom error responses
How Directory, Location and Files sections work
Installing Apache on TPF
Issues Regarding DNS and Apache
New features with Apache 1.1
New features with Apache 1.2
New features with Apache 1.3
PATH_INFO Changes in the CGI Environment
Server Pool Management
Setting which addresses and ports Apache uses
Source Re-organisation
Special Purpose Environment Variables
Starting Apache
Stopping and Restarting Apache
The Apache EBCDIC Port
The Apache TPF Port
Upgrading to 1.3 from 1.2
Using Apache with Microsoft Windows
Using Apache with Novell NetWare 5

Access Control by URL

The <Location> Directive

Syntax: <Location URL prefix>
Context: server config, virtual host
Status: core

The <Location> directive provides for access control by URL. It is comparable to the <Directory> directive, and should be matched with a </Location> directive. Directives that apply to the URL given should be listen within. <Location> sections are processed in the order they appear in the configuration file, after the <Directory> sections and .htaccess files are read.

Note that, due to the way HTTP functions, URL prefix should, save for proxy requests, be of the form /path/, and should not include the http://servername. It doesn't necessarily have to protect a directory (it can be an individual file, or a number of files), and can include wild-cards. In a wild-card string, `?' matches any single character, and `*' matches any sequences of characters.

This functionality is especially useful when combined with the SetHandler directive. For example, to enable status requests, but allow them only from browsers at foo.com, you might use:

    <Location /status>
    SetHandler server-status
    order deny,allow
    deny from all
    allow from .foo.com
    </Location>
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